Notes on Translation


This tool only translates single words; to translate a phrase or sentence, you'll have to translate each word, and be responsible for verb conjugations, number and case of nouns, etc. In some cases, a dictionary entry will hyperlink to a page showing the declensions or conjugations of the word in question.

Spellings of MnE words are British; e.g. "armour", "colour".

MnE verbs should be given in the root form (the infinitive without the "to"), e.g. "be" or "have", and not "is", "are", "were", "has", "had", etc. MnE nouns should be given in the singular, e.g. "horse", not "horses".

If you're unsure how to enter OE characters in a search query, please read the instructions below.

Entering Old English Characters

Table 1: Codes for OE Characters
To matchenter
Either of Þ or Ð(TH)
Either of þ or ð(th)

When entering Old English words into the search form, you may need to use special Old English characters, such as ash (æ), thorn (þ), or eth (ð).

There are several ways to do this. Entering the characters directly in the input form should suffice. You can also choose to use the codes in Table 1; if you do, make sure to include the parentheses.


To search for "þæt", enter (thorn)(ae)t.

To search for either of "þæt" or "ðæt", enter (th)(ae)t.

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